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Several misunderstandings about LED heat dissipation and how to deal with it

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Several misunderstandings about LED heat dissipation and how to deal with it

Release date:2018-12-13 Author: Click:

The misunderstanding of LED heat dissipation is mainly reflected in the following aspects:

1. The internal quantum efficiency is not high. That is, when electrons and holes recombine, photons cannot be generated 100%, and it is generally called "current leakage" to lower the recombination rate of carriers in the PN region. The leakage current multiplied by the voltage is the power of this part, that is, it is converted into heat energy, but this part does not occupy the main component, because the internal photon efficiency is now close to 90%. Explosion-proof heat pipe radiator

2. The internally generated photons cannot be completely emitted to the outside of the chip and finally converted into heat. This part is the main one, because the current external quantum efficiency is only about 30%, and most of it is converted into heat

3. Over-reliance on thermally conductive materials. Because of the high-tech materials used, the heat can be dissipated. Its practical ordinary aluminum heat dissipation, after repeated tests, the temperature of the heat sink is only 3-5 degrees Celsius higher than the bottom of the radiator. That is to say, if a material with excellent thermal conductivity can be used, the temperature can be lowered by 3-5 degrees Celsius when the thermal resistance is zero.

4. Superstition heat pipe. The heat pipe has a good thermal conductivity, which is beyond doubt. But the heat that is derived from the heat sink eventually needs to go tropical through air convection. If there are no fins that dissipate heat, the heat pipe will soon reach thermal equilibrium and the temperature will rise with the heat sink. If you add heat sink fins to the heat pipe, you will eventually use fins to dissipate heat. Moreover, the contact points of the fins and the heat pipes are not as good as other methods. The result is a high cost and no improvement in heat dissipation. However, it is useful to use heat pipes for integrated heat conduction on LEDs, but it must be structurally sound!

5. Trust the nano-radiation materials promoted by some manufacturers. Radiation heat dissipation is negligible in the current temperature of LED lamps at around 50 degrees Celsius. The radiation coatings promoted by the manufacturers, even if they have a good radiation effect as advertised, even if they reach the radiation capacity of blackbody radiation, their heat dissipation is only a few percent. Moreover, the coating itself hinders the heat transfer, which affects the heat dissipation of the convection.

How to deal with LED heat dissipation

Below we will break down the response to the LED heat dissipation problem.

1, aluminum heat sink fins

This is the most common way to dissipate heat, using aluminum fins as part of the enclosure to increase heat dissipation.

2, heat conductive plastic shell

The use of LED insulation heat-dissipating plastic instead of aluminum alloy to make the heat sink can greatly improve the heat radiation capability.

3. Aerodynamics

The use of the shape of the lamp housing creates convective air, which is the lowest cost way to enhance heat dissipation.

4, liquid bulbs

The liquid bubble encapsulation technology is used to fill a transparent liquid with a high thermal conductivity into the bulb of the lamp body. This is the only technology that uses the light-emitting surface of the LED chip to conduct heat and dissipate heat in addition to the principle of reflection.

5, the use of lamp holder

In household-type, smaller-power LED lamps, the internal space of the lamp cap is often used to partially or completely put the heat-generating drive circuit. This makes it possible to dissipate heat from a lamp head having a large metal surface such as a screw cap because the lamp cap is in close contact with the metal electrode of the lamp holder and the power cord. Therefore, a part of the heat can be derived from heat dissipation.

6, insulating heat sink plastic instead of aluminum alloy

The insulating heat-dissipating plastic replaces the aluminum alloy to make the heat sink. This LED-insulated heat-dissipating plastic improves the heat radiation capability by 4-8 times while maintaining the heat-dissipating ability and the aluminum alloy. The LED heat sink made of this heat dissipating material can greatly improve the overall heat dissipation effect.

7, heat conduction and heat dissipation integration - the use of high thermal conductivity ceramics

The purpose of heat dissipation of the lamp housing is to reduce the operating temperature of the LED chip. Since the LED chip expansion coefficient is very different from the commonly used metal heat conduction and heat dissipation material expansion coefficient, the LED chip cannot be directly soldered to prevent high and low temperature thermal stress from damaging the LED chip. The latest high thermal conductivity ceramic material, the thermal conductivity is close to aluminum, and the expansion system can be adjusted to synchronize with the LED chip. In this way, heat conduction and heat dissipation can be integrated to reduce the intermediate part of heat conduction.

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Anshan Anming Industrial Co., Ltd. (parent company)

Address: No. 18 Daqi Street, Tiexi District, Anshan City, Liaoning Province

Office Telephone: 0412-6562200 0412-6572200

Office fax: 0412-6572299 zip code: 114000



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